The Tanzanian government`s actions have exacerbated the already deteriorating situation in the camps, which is increasingly likely to force refugees to return to Burundi, Human Rights Watch said. These include cuts in food rations between August 2017 and October 2018, a ban on refugees leaving the camps, including to find work or firewood, huge against some refugees who have left the camps, and general insecurity. The Imbonerakure, the youth league of Burundi`s ruling party, which has long had widespread human rights violations, reportedly harassed and threatened refugees in the camps. He is due to sign a similar agreement with Mozambican officials on Thursday. She stated that in the first quarter of 2004, UNHCR would complete the establishment of a legal and operational framework with the remaining countries of asylum in West and Southern Africa, which were hosting a considerable number of Rwandan refugees. Rwanda has signed similar agreements with the governments of Malawai, Namibia, the Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. UNHCR disputed Human Rights Watch`s claim that UNHCR officials did not ask Burundians who register to ask further questions to determine whether their decision was truly voluntary. “In declaring their return decision,” UNHCR said, “the refugees referred to a large number of push and pull factors, as they weigh on the difficult environments known in both Burundi and Tanzania,” adding that “no refugee has stated that they will be returned to Burundi.” The 1951 Refugee Convention and the 1969 African Refugee Convention prohibit refoulement, the return of refugees to places where their life or freedom would be threatened. According to UNHCR, refoulement occurs not only when a government directly returns or expels a refugee, but also when the indirect pressure is so strong that people think they have no choice but to return to a country where they are at serious risk of harm. The gap between the 538 refugees who registered for voluntary return under normal procedures in the three camps, most or all of them on the 15th The total number of 812 returns to Burundi that day indicates that the convoy numbered more than 200 Burundians, who were forced to leave Tanzania a few days earlier by the Nduta camp authorities. . . .